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名师手记,考研必背的基础语法知识点

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  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他表明她不会屈性格很顽强在艰难险阻或巨大压力面前不屈。 

表示接收涉及常用的连词有:or, either…or…, otherwise等

see, hear, watch, observe, notice, catch, find, listen to,look at等感官动词。

  ⑵表示对过去事态的诬捏:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

方法状语从句:as(正如;依据),as if/as though (好像)引导。

There was no telling of the difference. 不可能加以区分。

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

  1. 金莎娱乐场官方网站,表示动作(主动的、实行的动作卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎。

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能结束。 

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

用作形容词时,表明主语的特色,用how举行讯问。

  6.状语从句轻巧(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语生龙活虎致,状从简单采取分词作状语。例句:

October 1, 1949 was the day on which (= when) the new China was founded。

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

根据句子的组织可分:轻松句并列句和复合句两种。

  1. with结构与日常的with短语的区别

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,能够代表乞请,平常意味着说话人的痛心或可惜。

(2)定语从句的关系代词和涉嫌副词

动词的-ing格局是俄语中国和澳洲谓语动词的意气风发种,它在句中可作主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语及补足语。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

结果状语从句: so that (结果是), so/such…that (如此……甚至于)。

as,because,since都得以象征因果关系,连接原因状语从句,含义是"因为,由于"。

  ⑶代表对未来的无理愿望:谓语动词形式为“would/ should/ could/ might +动词原形”。在此种场合下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能够同后生可畏,因为主句的主语所期望的从句动作能不能够落到实处,决计于从句主语的神态或希望(非动作名词除此而外) 。 

①超越行词为人时用who 作主语,whom作宾语;②超越行词为物或任何句丑时用which,可作主语或宾语;③优先词为人、物时用that ,可作主语或宾语;④ whose用作定语,可指人或物;⑤ 关系副词when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语;⑥where(指地方,在定语从句中作地方状语);why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。

We don’t allow smoking here. we don’t allow students to smoke.

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

目标状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

His coming will be of great  help to us.

  2. 原因状语从句:since引导的

⑥在”介词+关系代词”结构中,关系代词只好用which和whom,且不能够大概;如若介词在句末,关系代词可用which, that, whom, 口语中也可用who,且可粗略。比方:

不畏你反驳,作者也要去。

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Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

哪怕你读得快,你也不可能那样快读完那本书。

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

② 非限定性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不细致,去掉定从句,意思照旧安然依然。方式上用逗号隔开分离,无法that用教导。举例:His movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的情致仍完整)

(without+代词 +不定式,作规范状语)

  10. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

Such was the force of the explosion that windows were blown out。

③ 人称的风姿浪漫致性。动词-ing格局的逻辑主语应和语句的主语生龙活虎致。

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然大家把装有资料都筹算好了,大家应有立时开端那项新的劳作。

(6)状语从句被用于重申组织中

但在It is no use / good, not any use / good, useless 等后必得用Ving格局。

  You are a student, so am I。

② 用which而不用 that的景观:教导非节制性定语从句;指代整个主句的意思;用于介词 的背后+ 关系代词。举例:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an example。

To play with fire will be dangerous.(指后生可畏呼之欲出动作卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  作者期望你安然一些。 

三。复习要点

若with结构作定语,则放在所修饰的名词之后,平常不要逗号隔绝。

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  笔者后悔不应当浪费这么多日子。( 实际1月经浪费掉了。) 

①约束性定语从句:从句与主句关系紧凑,去掉从句,主句意义不完全,以致不合逻辑。举例:I was the only person in our office who was invited。(去掉定语从句,句意就不完全)

a sleeping child 入眠的子女

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

规格状语从句: if, unless, as/so long as(借使;只要),in case (万风流倜傥); on condition that(借使), suppose, supposing, providing, provide。

When drinking to someone’s health, you raise your glasses, but the glasses should not be touched. While visiting the city, they received a warm welcome.

  语法知识点2

①用that而不用 which的情形:先行词为不定代词all, anything, nothing, much…;先行词有最高端修饰,有序数词修饰;先行词有only, very, any等词修饰;先行词既有人又有物时。例如:There is nothing that can prevent him from doing it。

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  4. If虚构条件句

低头状语从句: no matter who/whom/what/which/how/when/where, though, although, as, even if /even though, whatever, whoever, however, wherever, whenever等。

With结构构成艺术如下

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①当连词as, though连接妥洽状语从句时,作表语的名词、形容词、动词平时置于句首,构成都部队分倒装语序。比方:

但它们有区别

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  唯有努力、正直,一位在生活中才干打响。 

④ however与形容词、副词一齐指引妥胁状语从句,句子接受陈诉语序。例如:

5.as作介词的用法 as作介词,意思是"作为","以……身份"

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的八个句子成为并列句。

①象征“同期”意义的连词as, when, as soon as, the moment, while 等连接的光阴状语从句,主句和从句时态基本大器晚成致。举例:As time passed, things seemed to get worse。

① 时刻性。假若动词-ing情势所表表示的动作与谓语动词所代表的动作同偶尔间发生,则用日常式;如若动词-ing方式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作此前则运用完了式。

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

(3) It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。管见所及的动词有advise, order, propose, request, suggest, demand, require等。

③用于"so +adj. + a/an + n. (单数) + as "结构中

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

④在部分表示惊叹、耐烦等情绪色彩的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should +have done”,译为“竟然,居然”。譬如:

字不根本,看图~~

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

② 表示“以往”意义的条件、时间和迁就状语从句中多用日常今后时,而主句用日常现在时,被称呼“主将从现”。比如:汤姆won’t go to sleep unless his mother tells him a story。

三、 动词-ing形式作表语(常指主语的原委、状态或性质等)。

  散文来源:跨考教育[微博]

  1. 名词性从句

诸如: The teacher criticized the student who had broken the window. 先生谈论了打破窗户的学童。

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    笔者盼望知道那一个题指标答案。(缺憾不知晓。) 

⑤ 指引定语从句的关系副词有时能够用“介词 + which”来顶替。举个例子:

试比较:

  4.it格局宾语:和it 作形式主语雷同,  大家常用it 来作方式宾语, 把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种场馆更是出今后带复合宾语的句子中。

(2) 名词性从句的连接词

1、 She came into the room,with her nose red because of cold.

  3.wish指引的虚构语气:wish 前边的从句,今世表与实际相反的状态,或代表以往不太可能实现的意思时,其宾语从句的动词情势为: 

c. as 指点非限定性定语从句时与which的界别

例如: He could not finish it without me to help him.

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  只有这位女人知道怎么解那道题。

(1)It is+形容词+that…句型。不足为怪的形容词有important, necessary, natural, funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人侧目的)等。

Playing with fire is dangerous.(泛指玩火卡塔尔国

  (2)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

① 在偏下三种主语从句中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”, should可粗略。

六、 动词-ing形式作补足语

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教大家马耳他语的老大女孩吧?

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

3.as作连词教导拗但是状语从句

  2.only指引的倒装句型:only +状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

第十一讲 轻易句、并列句和复合句

大家听他唱了两首歌。

  8. 缘由状从:as 的用法。例句:The 新加坡共和国 passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

根据句子的用项,葡萄牙共和国语的句子可分:陈诉句(鲜明、否定)、疑问句(日常、特殊、选用、反意)、祈使句、咋舌句等八种。

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  语法知识点1

试验大纲必要考生能准确判别句子的花色、剖判句子结构、结合语境和句意选用适宜的连天词语、决断主语和从句的不利语序、稳当接纳主句和从句谓语动词的时态。

过去分词作者定语:及物动词的过去分词表示被动,不比物动词的过去分词表示动作速战速决。  

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后边,作介词的宾语。

(2)连接状语从句的辞藻

2) It’s so nice talking to you. 很喜悦和你谈话。

  语法知识点3

He made a long speech, which was unexpected。

五、 动词-ing形式作状语

  1. 宾语从句:平日难点句做宾语,引进if或whether

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我见到那位女士在过街道。

  3.定语从句 who指点的限定性定从。例句:

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new branches elsewhere.

6、Without anything left in the cupboard, she went out to get something to eat.

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

表示转会关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

(2卡塔尔as单独指点定语从句 as单独教导定语从句时,先行词能够是二个词,也能够是两个句子或短语。

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb 表示“前面一个情状适用于后世”。例句:

二。命题导向

have, get, send, leave等接纳动词;

  ⑴代表对当今情景的杜撰:从句动词用过去式或过去举行式表示,be 的归西式用were.   

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

  1. 在keep, find, notice, have, feel, hear, see, leave...等动词后常用Ving方式作宾语补足语。 举个例子:

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 独资化的长处在于能有扶助相互角逐。

③在hardly/scarcely...when..., no sooner...than.。.句式中,把hardly/scarcely/no sooner置于句首时,第三个分句采取部分倒装语序,即把第四个分句用陈诉语序。举例:

③在allow, advise, forbid, permit 等动词后直接跟动词作者宾语时,要用Ving方式,假设前面有名词或代词作者宾语,然后在跟动词作者宾语补足语时,其宾语补足语用带to的不定式。

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

澳门金沙娱乐场网址,(3) 名词性从句中的特殊时态

自个儿灵机一动不去那边。

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。大家越惊惧艰巨,困难就能变得越强盛。

③ 关系代词as的用法

翻译手艺中的“柳絮剑法日太阴元君教武功日月心法”

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

时间状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as, hardly/ scarcely...when..., no sooner...than.。.生机勃勃……就……,while, till, until, since, once。名词词组the first time第叁次,last time最终叁次,every/each time每一次,the next time下一次,the next day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant 后生可畏……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

a working method 职业章程

  1.as...as.。。教导的可比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+ as+被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像您同豆蔻年华学习努力。

I want to buy the same shirt as yours。

他自然会马到功成,因为她很认真。

  7. 缘故状从:for的用法。由because 指导的从句尽管放在句末,且后边有逗号,则足以用并列连词 for 来取代。但万一不是验证直接原因,而是种种气象再说估量,就必须要用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他今日没来,因为她患有了。

②在so/such...that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句接纳部分倒装语序。举例:

例如:

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no sooner…than…中,第八个分句中过去造成时,第2个分句用平时过去时。举个例子:She had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

假诺Ving格局的动作爆发在谓语动词所代表的动作在此之前,平时用Ving格局的达成时态。

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since 的差别之处在于,now that 引出的总得是三个新面世的真情或状态,假使照旧照旧,和千古比较并从未变化,则毫不 now that 引导。

原因状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

  1. with结构在句子中之处:

① 句子种类两种分类法

笔者必得记着做这件事。

② 并列句的归类

例如:

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in Germany。

例如:

⑤ 在the +比较级the+相比级句式中,只是把形容词或副词置于句首,句子如故使用陈述语序。举例:Education is about learning and the more you learn, the more equipped for life you are。

例如:

(1)状语从句的归类

(2)He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.

He made a long speech, as we expected。

而单身主格结构没有with或without带领,结构严密,名词前可用可不用修饰语。在句句法功用上,with结构得以作定语,独立主格结构则不可能;独立主格结构日常在句中作状语,但也能够作主语,而with结构则不能够。

地址状语从句:where,wherever(无论这里)。

Stop speaking.  

Once I get him a job, he’ll be fine。

此次意外就算显得令人出乎意料,却从不人受伤。

The man who lives downstairs makes it a rule to run in the park in the morning。

(1)It was snowing when he arrived at the construction site.

(2) It is +名词+that…句型。绳床瓦灶的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion, proposal(建议,建议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

单个的动词-ing格局作定语时,常置于所修饰的名词前面;动词-ing短语作定语时则常置于被修饰的词前面。

③ since教导的时光状语从句多用平时过去时,而包含since从句的主句平日用未来完成时。比方:I haven’t met her since I left university。

  1. English is the working language of most international. organizations, international trade and tourism.

  2. The building being built now will be our library.

当从句的主语与主句的主语相同时,被动结构的状语从句,可粗略与主句相像的主语和助动词,保留连词+过去分词;主动组织的状语从句,可粗略与主句相像的主语和助动词,保留连词+今后分词。比如:We all know that, if not carefully dealt with, the situation will get worse。

He came to China as a tourist five years ago.

当主句和从句语义意气风发致时,用as指导;反之,用which来指导迷津非限定性定语从句;当非限制订语从句为否定意义时,常用which指导。举例:

四、 几点表达:

(3)从句中的语序

① Ving方式和不定式都足以作主主语,Ving方式作主语表示平常或抽象的 数十次性行为,不定式作主语往往意味着具体的或叁遍性的动作。

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John。

例如:

状语从句常常修饰主句的动词或任何句子,由附属连词教导,从属连词在从句中不担任句子成分。遵照状语从句所表达的两样含义和作用,可分为时间、地方、原因、条件、指标、结果、妥协、相比较、格局等状语从句。

例如: With the boy leading the way,we found he house easily.

(4)限定性定语从句与非约束性定语从句的界别

(without+代词+过去分词,作为原因状语) 二、with结构的用法 在句子中with结构超级多担纲状语,表示作为艺术,伴随情状、时间、原因或标准(详见上述例句)。

(3)关系代词和事关副词的用法:

The man standing by the window is our teacher. Many frightened people rushed out of the burning building.  

Try as she might, Carol couldn't get the door open。

复合结构格局在句中荦荦大者作主语和宾语。作宾语时可用代词宾格或名词普通格加上动词的-ing格局。

b. as可替代主句的原委,指点的非约束性定语从句既可放在主句以前,也可放在主句之后。常用于下列句型:as is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all know, as I expect 等。例如: He got the first place again in this mid-term examination, as we expected。

(五)Ving情势作宾语 Ving情势具备动词和名词的脾性,在句中起名词功效,可作宾语。

定语从句分为限定性定语从句非限定性定语从句二种。约束性定语从句对先行词起修饰和限量功能,而非约束性定语从句对先行词起补充和分解表达效果与利益。常常限定性定语从句与先行词之间从未逗号,而非限定性定语从句与先行词之间有逗号隔绝。

The flowers want watering.

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

② 语态性。应思虑动词-ing情势与句子主语之间的关联是主谓关系还是动宾关系,据此来规定语态。

复合句中不乏先例接收陈说语序。可是,在下边的两种景况下,状语从句多使用倒装语序:

一、as的用法

在复合句中,主句和从句的谓语动词时态日常根据以下的原理:

[注意]

正如状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……) 教导。

This is the same book as I read last week.

⑤ 在as if/though 教导的状语从句中,若是表示朝气蓬勃种与真情相反浮夸,从句多用日常过去时或过去实现时。比如:She stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

但它们有区别

轻便易行句独有三个主语或并列主语和八个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and, but, or,so等)或事务厅(;)把多个或多个以上的轻巧句连在一齐构成。复合句:含有一个或八个上述从句的语句。复合句包蕴:状语从句名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等二种。

  1. Knowing table manners will help you make a good impression.

  2. Having a cellphone also makes us feel safer, since we can call for help in case of an emergency.

  3. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 4. His coming made us very happy. (复合结构作主语)

a. 当现行反革命词为 the same +名词,such+名词时,要用关系代词as引导定语从句。举个例子:

上面分别比如:

(1)定语从句的分类

My interests are reading  novels, playing football and singing songs.    

However amusing the story is, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week。

出于这种样式是由动词变化而来的,由此它兼具动词的一些特色,就可以带本人的宾语和状语,进而结成动词 -ing短语。它不经常态和语态的浮动,也可以有否定格局及其复合结构格局。    

表示因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

  1. 下列动词后边平常要用动词-ing方式作宾语。 enjoy, finish, stop, mind, suggest, practise, excuse(原 谅),appreciate, keep, risk(冒险), consider, admit, miss(遗失), imagine, avoid(幸免), delay(推迟) resist, cannot help等。

  2. 在need, want, require, be worth 等动词(短语)后边常用动词    -ing的能动方式表示被动意义。

2.状语从句:

但它们有区别

This is the best coffee maker that I have ever been made。

例 如:

生机勃勃。考试大纲供给

(1) Although he is quite old, he still jogs every day.

②在insist(持始终如一), urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令), suggest(建议),advise(建议),recommend(建议,推荐), request(诉求,须要), demand(必要),require(必要,需求)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”, should可回顾。

although语气稍正式些,可放在句首,也可放在句中,主句中无法再用but,但能够用yet;

③ 在富含advice, order, demand, proposal(提议), requirement, suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可总结。

the waiting room = the room for waiting 候车室

④涉及代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数仍然用复数应由先行词决定。比如:

纵然她学习很尽力,但差一些没获得什么发展。   Child as/though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.(=Though he was a child, he knew what was the right thing to do.卡塔尔国

定语从句经常由关系代词和涉嫌副词引导。关系代词有:who, whom, whose, which, that, as;关系副词有:when, where, why。关系代词和涉及副词必得放在从句之首,主句的先行词之后,起着接连几天来先行词和从句的效果与利益,同有时间在从句中又担负句子成分。

因为下过雨,空气相比较舒性格很顽强在荆棘载途或巨大压力面前不屈。

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

生龙活虎、 动词-ing格局作主语(通常指一个抽象动作)时,它可径直置于主语地方,也得以用it作格局主语,而把作真正主语的动词-ing形式放在句子的后部。

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I’m sorry for not having kept my promise.

名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:that无词义,在从句中不担负成分,不常可被轻易;表示“是或不是”用whether,唯有在宾语从句中,whether可被人if替代。Whether和if在从句中不肩负成分。假如从句缺少主语、表语、宾语、或定语等句子成分,用延续代词what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which;假设从句缺乏状语,用一而再连续副词when, where, how, why。

  1. Hearing the good news, he jumped with great joy. (时间)

  2. Seeing nobody at home, he decided to leave them a note. (原因)

  3. The next moment the first wave swept her down, swallowing the garden. (伴随处境)

  4. In Sydney the Chinese team got 28 gold medals, ranking third of all the competing countries.

The first place that they visited in Guilin was Lijing。

本身大器晚成度远非过去那么强健了。

高考对简易句、并列句和复合句的考试首要总结:句子的布局、连词的接收、从句与主句的谓语动词的时态、主语和从句的语序、一些习于旧贯用语和差别平日的句式应用。

例如:

  1. 定语从句

和她争辨从未用。

是因为总是代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,由此从句中谓语不用难点语序。连接代词与连接副词在从句充作句子成分,而一连词whether 和if(是或不是),在从句中不辜负责句子成分,只起连年作用。

Her favourite job is teaching English.→ What is her favourite job?   It is interesting to read such a story. → How is it to read such a story?

Scarcely had he sat down when there was a knock at the door。

例如:

同等对待句指把五个同样首要的语句连接在同步,句子之间常用and, not only…but also…, neither…nor…, then等并列连词连接。

【句型2】 There is no + 动名词    

(5)使用定语从句时需注意的多少个难点

I mean to come early today.

(5)状语从句的简便

I saw the lady crossing the street.

The man (whom/ who/ that) you were talking about is proves to be friendly。

6.as作副词的用法 to the same degree or amount; equally "相同地","同样地"。

1.总结句、并列句和复合句

例如:

规行矩步在句中的功能,名词性从句分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句多样。

I remember doing the exercise.

(1)名词性从句分类:

站在那时候的女孩是本身的姐妹。

状语从句作为被重申有个别用来重申组织时,大器晚成律用It is/was …that…,不可能用when替代that。句子用陈述语序。注意:当强调Not until +时间/时间状语时,主句的谓语动词不再利用倒装语序。举个例子:It was not until the war was over that the soldier was able to return home。

她三年前以游客的地位来过中华。

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

Ving作定语重要代表动作和用场。

对事实高高挂起--你们比很多少人都以如此的鲁钝。

他即使年纪相当大,如故每一天慢跑。

as与although (或though),however (或no matter how)等都足以指引妥协状语从句,含义是"虽然,尽管"。

例如: There were rows of white houses with trees in front of them.

例如:

(3) As rain has fallen, the air is cooler.

④动词need, require, want作“须求”解,其后跟动词作它的宾语时,必需用Ving格局,或不定式的被动式,当时,Ving情势的积极向上方式表示被动意义。

1) It’s a waste of time waiting here. 在此地等是浪费时间。

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It is no use arguing with him.

With him taken care of,we felt quite relieved.(欣慰)→(He was taken good care of.)

② Ving情势作主语,谓语动词用单数。

⑧在should (would) like / love等后须用不定式。

("with+复合宾语"结构,在句中作定语)

(三)Ving方式作主语 Ving情势具备动词和名词的性质,在句中起名词功能,可作主语。   Seeing is believing.百闻不比一见。

我们没临时间(能够浪费卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎了。

That’s the plan to build the factory.

在to be worth doing 句型中,Ving方式doing代表的是衰颓意义。

⑥在love, hate, prefer等动词后用Ving格局或不定式无大的差距。但讲话人存有指的时候,平常用不定式。

(2) To shut your eyes to facts, as many of you do, is foolish.

例如:

例如:

三、with的用法

四、 动词-ing形式作定语

(1卡塔尔国as引导定语从句与其他词连用

二、动词ing情势的用法

1.as用作连词引导时间状语从句

She fell asleep with the light burning. →(The light was burning.)

(四卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)Ving格局作表语 Ving形式具有形容词和名词的个性,在句中可作表语。作表语用的Ving情势有三种:

He could not finish it without me to help him.

例如:

He likes being helped.

CATTI俄文三级笔译备考日记(二卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎:汉译英十大翻译技能?笔者脑子笨,就无法说得简单点,详细点?

2.as用作连词指引由来状语从句

例如:

例如:

她迟到了,那是陆续的事。

例如:

例如:

I tried doing it again.

(名词+介词短语构成的单身主格结构,作状语,表示伴随情状)。

I don”t like such books as he recommends.

  1. 动词-ing格局(短语)作状语时的多少个天性。

(结果) 注意:

  1. with结构作状语时,不定式、今后分词 、和过去分词的区分:

生龙活虎种用作名词,生机勃勃种用作形容词。

且看它们有多种要,看图别看本人:

2、 With the meal over , we all went home.

(男童已领过路)

(二)Ving形式作宾语补足语

用while时,从句的动作为生机勃勃进度,主句动作与从句动作同一时候张开或在从句动作进度中生出;

because表示的小说最强;

They don”t have as many airplanes.

动词-ing格局作状语时,能够象征时间、原因、伴随处境、条件、结果等。

as所表示的小说较强,教导的妥胁状语从句用倒装语序;

[注意]前段时间分词作者定语时,它代表的动作是正值开展或与谓语动词所代表的动作大约同一时候产生,若是三个动作有先有后,平日无法用今后分词作者定语,而要用定语从句。

本身试着又干了一回。

他老母做饭时她在看电视。

例如:

4.as作事关代词的用法

see, hear, look at, notice, observe, feel, find...等及运用动词:have, make, leave, keep, get...等后不只能够用不定式也足以用Ving格局作宾语补足语。不定式(不带 to卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)表示经过或动作实现,Ving格局重申进行或及时景观。

你会随着年事的增进而更是聪明。

He is a returned student. 他是三个回国的留学子。

意气风发、 with结构的三结合

分词短语作定语时,放在被修饰的名词之后;

习以为常,宾语补足语与宾语之间全数逻辑上的主谓关系,动词-ing格局作宾语补足语往往意味着其动作在那起彼伏或开展中,用动词-ing作宾语补足语的广阔的动词有:

The film was so moving that we saw it twice.

例如说: There is no stopping of him. 无法阻拦他。

【注意】①admit, appreciate, avoid,consider, delay, dislike, enjoy, escape, excuse, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, imagine, include, keep, mention, mind, miss, practise, put off, resist, risk, suggest, can’t help, can’t stand等动词后可以用Ving格局作宾语,但无法用不定式。

That is the book written by Lu Xun. 那是周樟寿写的书。

(=Though/Although you may object, I’ll go.)

例如:

  1. Having good table manners means knowing how to use knives and forks, when to drink a toast and how to behave at the table.

  2. Do you prefer living in the zoo or living in the jungle?

  3. I really can’t understand you treating her like that.

(1) He will succeed because he is in earnest.

她停下来讲话。

With the boy to lead the way,we will find the house easily tomorrow.

Then last night,I followed him here,and climbed in,sword in hand.

as教导的低头状语从句必需以部分倒装的样式出现,被倒装的局地能够是表语、状语或动词原形,though间或也用于这样的构造中,但although不得以如此用。

  1. 意味着用项:

I must remember to do it.

它是由介词with或without+复合结构组成,复合结构作介词with或without的复合宾语,复合宾语中第意气风发有的宾语由名词或代词充作,第三盘部补足语由形容词、副词、介词短语、动词不定式或分词充作,分词能够是未来分词,也足以是过去分词。

Ving格局作主语常用来下列句型:

1) The boss kept the workers working the whole night.

With her hair gone,there could be no use for them. →(Her hair was gone.)

since平日用在书面语中,表示多为对方已知的、或稍加解析便可查出的因由,不经常可译作"既然"。

(名词+现在分词构成的独门主格结构,作主语)

何人领悟as、v+ing、with,什么人就得练神功。那多个成效词怎么用吧?且看下文,笔者只是个搬运工。有亟待的心上人,动动你的手指,复制、粘贴、打字与印刷。笔者是你的好恋人曾沐!

with结构是贪惏无餍阿尔巴尼亚语复合结构中最常用的后生可畏种。学好它对学好复合宾语结构、不定式复合结构、动名词复合结会谈单身主格结构均能起很入眼的功用。

特别COO让工友快马加鞭地劳作。

自家记得做过演习。

  1. 动词-ing情势前能够加when, while, though等从属连词,那能够算得状语从句的省略。

例如:

那就是建那座工厂的安插。

【注意】

例如:

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

as与when,while都以教导时间状语从句的从属连词,含义都以"当……的时候"。

例如:

⑦start, begin, continue在封面语中多后接动名词,在口语中多后接不定式。

a waiting car = the car that is waiting

2.From space the earth looks like a huge water-covered globe with a few patches of land sticking out above the water.

【知识举行】 Ving方式的时态和语态

(with+名词+形容词,作陪伴状语)

【句型1】It is + 名词(或形容词) + 动名词 It is + no use /no  good/ a waste of time so nice+ crying there.doing that.

With结构在句中也得以作定语

用as时,主句和从句的动作同有时间产生,具备继续的意义。

  1. 在感官动词:

她达到工地时,天正在下雪。

例如:

大家开掘那老太太躺在床的面上。

不定式作定语: 用不定式作定语,其经常所修饰的名词、代词有: meeting, reason, time, way, need, right, chance, decision, wish, promise, ability, anxiety, something, anything, nothing, anybody, somebody, thing...

5、She fell asleep with the light burning.

(with+名词+副词,作时间状语)

单身主格在口语中不经常用,往往由三个从句代替,而with结构较口语化,较常用。

【比较】

CATTI三级笔译备考日记(大器晚成卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎:真正开首看书前,我做了如何?

⑤在短语devote to, look forward to, stick to, be used to, object to, thank you for, excuse me for, be (kept) busy, be worth, have difficulty / trouble / problem(in), have a good / wonderful / hard time(in), feel  like, get down to等后的动词也必须要用Ving格局。

例如:

The boy said,turning to the man,his eyes opened wide and his hand raised.

例如:

I tried not to go there.

忘掉过去就表示戴绿帽子。

(3) You will grow wiser as you grow older.

4、He lay in the dark empty house,with not a man ,woman or child to say he was kind to me.

  1. Ving方式的语态 主语是以此Ving格局所表示的动作的对象时,Ving格局用被动语态。

任凭她怎么努力也达不到对象。

(2) Since you are so sure of ithe”ll believe you.

We heard her sing two songs.

②用于such...as结构中

  1. He found the wall being painted.

  2. With so many people communicating in English every day, it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.    

The girl standing there is my sister.

1. with结构由介词with或without+复合结构构成。复合结构中首先部分与第二部分语法上是宾语和宾语补足语关系,而在逻辑上,却具有主谓关系,也正是说,能够用第风流倜傥有的作主语,第三盘部作谓语,构成三个句子。

提到代词as因地制宜定语从句时,不仅可以够独自使用,也能够与任何词连用,其用法要比that和which更为复杂。

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

Object as you may, I’ll go.

with结构有所上述功效和特点,而"介词with+名词或代词(组)"组成的貌似的with短语在句子中得以作定语和状语。

永不说话。

作状语时,它能表示动作的章程、原因,但不能够代表时间、伴随和条件。在近似的with短语中,with前面所跟的不是复合结构,也一向未曾逻辑上的主谓关系。

二、 动词-ing格局作宾语。

三、 with结构的特色

however教导妥胁状语从句时,它的前边可跟形容词或副词,也要用倒装语序。

小说结尾处有彩蛋~~不谢!

误了那趟列车意味着再等三个钟头。

The window needs (requires, wants) cleaning (to be cleaned).

例如:

Hard as/ though he works, he makes little progress. (=Though he works hard, he makes little progress.)

(3) However hard he may try, he will not attain his goal.

as, though表示“虽然……但是”,“纵使……”之意。

既然你对此如此有把握,他会相信您的。  

as平日位于句首,语气较弱,较口语化;

①用于the same...as结构中

(先行词是生机勃勃体主句)

虽说他是二个亲骨血,但他通晓该做哪些。

被动语态由“being + 过去分词”或“having been + 过去分词”构成,后风流浪漫种通常制止接纳。

例如:

(with+名词+不定式,作陪伴状语)

例如:

如: Forgetting the past means betrayal.

内容有一点多,下篇小说,我将用我们的秘籍解读那三个功用词,我们的指标是最不难易行、最有趣、最精准的解决考试的地点。

象牙白圈出后生可畏都部队分~~

The book is worth reading.

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A strong man working a whole day could not jump this high.

用作名词时,表明主语的始末,就此提问时,用what ;

一)Ving形式作定语

1.I like eating the mooncakes with eggs.

(先行词是不定式短语)

with 结构在句中作状语,表示时间、条件、原因时平时位于句子后面,并用逗号与句子分开;表示方法和陪伴处境时平日位于句子前边,不用逗号分开。

例如: We have no time to lose.

(男小孩子明日将引导)He lay on the bed with the bedroom door shut.(寝室被关着)

Missing the train means waiting for another hour.

He is fond of playing football. I like swimming. 他很欢喜足球,小编赏识游泳。

现以动词do为例,其转移情势如下:

(with+名词+今后分词 ,作陪伴状语)

(2) Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident.

He has a reading room. 他有一个书屋。

她们未有同样多的飞行器。

单个分词作者定语时,放在被修饰的名词在此以前。

例如:

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2) We found the old lady lying in bed.

He was afraid of being left at home.

自家酌量几近年来来早些。

例如:

3、The master was walking up and down with the ruler under his arm。

The teacher entered the classroom with a book in his hand.

  1. with结构与单身主格结构的涉嫌: with结构归于独立主格结构,但在结构上,with结构由介词with或without指点,名词前有冠词、形容词、全部格代词或别的词类所修饰,结构较松懈;

3.A little boy with two of his front teeth missing ran into the house.

  1. Ving方式的时态 Ving方式的时态分平时式和实现式二种,借使Ving情势的动作未有显明地意味着出时间是与谓语动词同时发出或在谓语动词在此此前产生,用Ving格局的平日式。

(with+名词+介词短语,作陪伴状语。)

I am not so strong a man as I was.

在with结构中,不定式、今后分词作者宾补,表示积极,可是不定式表示将在产生的动作,而几日前分词表示正在发生或发生了的动作;过去分词表示被动或形成。

当那一个动词用于被动语态时,作宾语补足语的动词-ing方式就相应产生了主语补足语。

  1. with或without-名词/代词+形容词;

  2. with或without-名词/代词+副词;

  3. with或without-名词/代词+介词短语;

  4. with或without-名词/代词+动词不定式;

  5. with或without-名词/代词+分词。

那本书和笔者下一周读的那本是同等。

  1. 在with结构中,第风度翩翩部分为人称代词时,则该用宾格代词。

②forget, go on, like, mean, regret, remember, stop, try等动词可带Ving格局或不定式作宾语,但意义上有不同。

He stopped to talk.

用when时,从句的动作能够与主句的动作同偶然间产生,也足以先于主句的动作暴发;

自个儿不希罕他引入的那个书。

(独立主格结构,表示伴随景况或作为格局,作状语)

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